Journal of Social Science for Policy Implications, 1(1), pp. 34-47.
This study sought to find out the factors that influence the implementation of free secondary education (FSE) in Kenya. Implementation refers to a situation where the programme is made to work and meets its major objectives of increasing enrolment and retention in secondary schools. The background of this study traces the efforts to provide free secondary education. The provision of free secondary education is very important in Kenya given that the country is a low income one. Also given the limited studies on the programme currently, this study sought to reduce that gap. The purpose of this study was to find out factors influencing the implementation of free secondary education in Kenya. The study had five objectives derived from the said purpose. The objectives include finding the influence of the management capacity of principals and B.O.Gs, time when the funds are received, parental support and socioeconomic factors on the implementation of free secondary education in Kenya. The study was carried out in Mumias district of Western province. The study is based on the theory of constraints as the researcher examines the factors constraining the achievement of FSE objectives. It is hoped the results of the study will be useful to many stakeholders and help in the streamlining of free secondary education. The researcher experienced problems such as limited finances and time for carrying out the study more thoroughly. Literature review was done on the implementation of free secondary education around the world. The study used the survey design and data collection was by use of the questionnaire method. The questionnaire was validated through piloting. Schools were put into clusters from which a sample was collected using simple random sampling. Data from the field was analyzed using fundamental statistical measures such as location and dispersion. The findings of the study show that the management capacity of the principals, time of funds disbursement to schools and parental support have a negative influence on the implementation of FSE. The B.O.Gs have a positive influence while socioeconomic factors have both negative and positive influence.. Some of the conclusions are that the government needs to speed up sending of money to the schools and probably increase the funding. The study recommends among others that the principals be subjected to compulsory training in management and that the ministry should increase the frequency of school inspection.
Full Text: PDF
Khamati, Julius Mate., & Nyongesa, Justus Wesonga. (2013). Factors Influencing the Implementation of Free Secondary Education in Mumias District, Kenya. Journal of Social Science for Policy Implications, 1(1), pp. 34-47.
Aboka, M (2008): Free Secondary education challenges;[ Paper for KESI Course]; Tom Mboya Labour College, Kisumu, Kenya. Former Deputy PDE, Nyanza.
Adedeji, A & Hyden (Eds) (1974); Developing Research on African Administrations; Nairobi, East Africa literature Bureau
Akoko,G.(2006). ‘An Assessment of the process of implementing Free primary Education In Public schools in Ndhiwa division of Homa Bay District, M.Ed Thesis, University ofNairobi, Kenya.
Archimedes (1996);Management Guide for Heads and Senior Staff; Oxford.
Heinemann Barasa, J. M. (2007): Educational Organization and Management, Nairobi.Jomo Kenyatta Foundation.
Beare, H, Et Al (1989); Creating an Excellent School: Some of the New Management Techniques; London, Routeledge.
Birchall, J. (n.d), Sampling and samples, http://www.marketresearchworld.net, 24/5/2010
Brain, W. (2000); Dissertation Skills; London, Route ledge.
Chepkonga, S.(2006), ‘Training Needs assessment in financial management of secondary School head teachers: A case study of Nandi North district’, M. Ed Thesis, University of Nairobi, Kenya .
Cheruiyot, D. K (2006), ‘Training Needs of public ssecondary school headteachers in Nandi South district’, M.Ed Thesis, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
Chesswaso, J. A. (1969); Methodologies of Educational Planning for Developing Countries;Paris; UNESCO.
Chinedu, P.(2008),Education in Nigeria, http://www.iomdublin.org. ,17/6/2010
Corbertta, P. (n.d), Social Research: Theory, Methods and Techniques, London, sage . Downes, P.(Ed) (1988); Local Financial Management in Schools; Oxford, Basil Blackwell.
Dunham, J. (1995); Developing Effective School Management; London, Route ledge;
Donald, E.W (1979); The Effective Administrator; San Francisco, Jossey Bass.
Ghauri, P. & Gronhaug, K. (2005), Research Methods in Business: A Practical Guide. 3rd Edition, Harlow, Prentice Hall
Government of Kenya (2005), Sessional Paper no.1 of 2005: A policy framework for Education, Training and Research; Ministry of Edu.,Nairobi, Government printer.
Government of Kenya,(2007), Kenya Education Sector Support Programme Handbook, Ministry of Education; Nairobi , Government printer.
Government of Kenya ,(1980), The Education Act Cap 211, 2nd edition, Ministry of Education, Nairobi, Government printer.
Government of Kenya (1967), Teachers Service Commission Act Cap 212, Ministry of Education, Nairobi , Government printer.
Government of Kenya,(2005),Public procurement Act, Ministry of Finance, Nairobi, Government printer.
Government of Kenya (2007),Vision 2030, Ministry of Planning, Nairobi, Government printer.
Government of Kenya (2005), Central Bureau of Statistics Report, Ministry of Planning, Nairobi, Government printer.
Government of Kenya (2005), Achieving MDGs in Kenya , Ministry of Planning and National Development, Nairobi, Government prinnter.
Government of Kenya (2007), A manual for heads of secondary schools in Kenya, Nairobi , Government printer.
Golpratt, E.(1984),Theory of Constraints, http://www.wikipedia.org, 5/4/2010. Kamotho, K.(ED) (2008), ‘Investing in Secondary Education’ In Teacher’s Image vol.15, p10
Karega, M. (2008), Interim Guidelines for the Implementation of Free Secondary Education,[Circular no. MOE / G1 / 1 / 44, Dated 9 / 1 / 2008], Nairobi, Kenya. Ministryof Education.
Kilonzo, P. K(2007); ‘An Investigation of Head Teacher related Factors affecting the Implementation of free primary Education in Yathui Division in Machakos District; M.Ed Thesis, University of Nairobi , Kenya.
Kilemi, M & Osita ,O (1999): “Public Expenditure and Delivery of Education in Kenya: Lessons from Secondary Schools”. In Cost Sharing in Education and Health; Dar es Salaam, Tema publishers.
Knight, B.(1993), Financial Management for schools, Oxford, Heinemann Educational.
Kombo K & Tromp A (2006); Proposal and Thesis Writing; Nairobi, Paulines Publications;
Kuria, D. & Onyango, G. (2006); ‘Total Quality Management in Secondary Schools’ In ‘QualitAssurance in Education Research’, vol.14,issue 4. 339-362 Levacic,
R.(1995); Local Management of Schools: Analysis and Practice; Buckingham, Oxford University press.
Mugenda, O.M.& Mugenda, A. G.(2003), Research Methods: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches, 2nd edition, Nairobi , Acts press.
Musalia, F.G.( 2005); “Challenges facing Head teachers in the Implementation of Free Primary Education in Suba East Division, Migori District, Nyanza Province.” [M.ED Thesis] University of Nairobi, Kenya.
Nassiuma, D.K.,(2000), Survey Sampling: Theory and Practice, Nairobi, Nairobi University press
Ngaca, G, (2009), ‘Kenya Education Sector Support Programme at mid course’, Elimu News Vol. 4, 30-31
Oduol, T.(2008), ‘Free at last: Government introduces Free secondary Education’, Elimu News. Vol. 3, 10-11
Olsen, C.(2009), Education in Canada, http://www.en.wikipedia.org . 15/6/2010
Okumbe J.A (1998); Education Management Theory and Practice,Nairobi ,University of Nairobi Press;
Otieno, A.O.(2010), School dropouts among the poor, http://www.undugukenya.org5/4/2010
Patel A (1995); Accountability in Higher Education; New Delhi, Association of Indian Universities.
Prasad, H. (1992); Research Methods and Techniques; New Delhi, Rawat. Saunders, et al(n.d), Research Methods for Business Students, 3rd edition, New Delhi, Pearson Education. The Editor, 2008/2/12, Free secondary education,
Daily Nation, p.12 Wangari, V.(2009), Turning Pipe dreams into Reality, Elimu News., vol. 4. ,12-13
Wanyonyi, G. W.(2004), “ A study of the factors affecting the implementation of free Primary Education in Nairobi province”, M.Ed Thesis, University of Nairobi , Kenya
Warner, D & Palfreyman, L. (Eds) (1996); Higher Education Management: The Key Elements; Buckingham, Oxford university press.
Monica Matavire is a University Lecturer in Zimbabwe at Bindura University of Science Education. She holds a bachelor of Education in History from Solusi University which she attained in 2001. She further sturdied a Master of Curriculum and Arts majoring in History from the University of Zimbabwe in 2007. She has written avidly on curriculum and Education issues. In 2010 she presented a paper at an International conference held in Zimbabwe . The paper looked at Zimbabwe's traditional jurisprudence and conflict transformation. In 2012, she was also invited to present a paper at an International conference that was held in Nairobi- Kenya in June 2012. These papers have been published. Her area of research interests include education and social issues emanating from conflicts. Currently she is finalising her PHD proposal in Conflict Studies.
Wesonga Justus Nyongesa
- Call for Papers
- Submit Your Paper
- Publish in Your Native Language
- Subscribe the Journal
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Contact the Executive Editor
- Recommend this Journal to Librarian
- View the Current Issue
- View the Previous Issues
- Recommend this Journal to Friends
- Recommend a Special Issue
- Comment on the Journal
- Publish the Conference Proceedings